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1.1 Developing Strong Communities

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1.1.1 Subject to the provisions of policy 1.1.2, cost-effective development patterns will be promoted. Accordingly:
  1. Urban areas and rural settlement areas (cities, towns, villages and hamlets) will be the focus of growth;
  2. Rural areas will generally be the focus of resource activity, resource-based recreational activity and other rural land uses;
  3. Urban areas and rural settlement areas will be expanded only where existing designated areas in the municipality do not have sufficient land supply to accommodate the growth projected for the municipality. Land requirements will be determined in accordance with policy 1.1.2. The policies of Section 2: Resources, and Section 3: Public Health and Safety will be applied in the determination of the most appropriate direction for expansions. Expansions into prime agricultural areas are permitted only where:

    1. there are no reasonable alternatives which avoid prime agricultural areas; and
    2. there are no reasonable alternatives with lower priority agricultural lands in the prime agricultural area;

  4. Development and land use patterns that would hinder the efficient expansion of urban areas or rural settlement areas are not permitted in adjacent areas;
  5. A coordinated approach should be achieved when dealing with issues which cross municipal boundaries, including:

    1. infrastructure and public service facilities;
    2. ecosystem and watershed related issues;
    3. shoreline and riverine hazards; and
    4. housing and employment projections, based on housing market areas.

    Where upper tier planning takes place, projections for municipalities will be coordinated and allocated by upper tier governments, in consultation with lower tier governments;

  6. Development and land use patterns which may cause environmental or public health and safety concerns will be avoided; and
  7. In territory without municipal organization, the focus of development activity will be resource activities and resource-based recreational activities, with the following restrictions:

    1. The establishment of new permanent townsites is not permitted; and
    2. Development other than resource activity and resource-based recreational activity will be restricted in the area adjacent to and surrounding municipalities unless:

      • the area forms part of a planning area; and
      • it has been determined, as part of a comprehensive planning exercise, that the impacts of growth will not place an undue strain on the public service facilities and infrastructure of the adjacent municipality.

1.1.2 Land requirements and land use patterns will be based on:

  1. the provision of sufficient land for industrial, commercial, residential, recreational, open space and institutional uses to promote employment opportunities, and for an appropriate range and mix of housing, to accommodate growth projected for a time horizon of up to 20 years. (However, where a longer time period has been established for specific areas of the Province as a result of a comprehensive provincial planning exercise, such as that coordinated by the Province in the Greater Toronto Area, that time frame may be used for upper and lower tier municipalities within the area);
  2. densities which:

    1. efficiently use land, resources, infrastructure and public service facilities;
    2. avoid the need for unnecessary and/or uneconomical expansion of infrastructure;
    3. support the use of public transit, in areas where it exists or is to be developed;
    4. are appropriate to the type of sewage and water systems which are planned or available; and
    5. take into account the applicable policies of Section 2: Resources, and Section 3: Public Health and Safety;

  3. the provision of a range of uses in areas which have existing or planned infrastructure to accommodate them;
  4. development standards which are cost effective and which will minimize land consumption and reduce servicing costs; and
  5. providing opportunities for redevelopment, intensification and revitalization in areas that have sufficient existing or planned infrastructure.

1.1.3 Long term economic prosperity will be supported by:

  1. making provisions such that infrastructure and public service facilities will be available to accommodate projected growth;
  2. providing a supply of land to meet long term requirements, in accordance with policy 1.1.2;
  3. providing for an efficient, cost-effective, reliable, multi-modal transportation system that is integrated with adjacent systems and those of other jurisdictions and is appropriate to address expected growth;
  4. conserving energy and water by providing for energy and water efficiency;
  5. maintaining the well-being of downtowns and mainstreets;
  6. optimizing the long-term availability and the use of agricultural and other resources; and
  7. planning so that major facilities (such as airports, transportation corridors, sewage treatment facilities, waste management systems, industries and aggregate activities) and sensitive land uses are appropriately designed, buffered and/or separated from each other to prevent adverse effects from odour, noise and other contaminants.

    To protect airports from incompatible development:

    1. New residential development and other sensitive land uses will be prohibited in areas near airports above 30 NEF/NEP, as set out on maps (as revised from time to time) approved by Transport Canada; but

    2. Redevelopment of existing residential uses and other sensitive land uses or infilling of residential and other sensitive land uses may be considered above 30 NEF/NEP if it has been demonstrated that there will be no negative impactson the longterm function of the airport.

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