Compliance and Enforcement
Automatic penaltiesThere are three contraventions of the Act where penalties apply automatically:
- if you fail to file a financial statement or apply to the court for an extension by the filing deadline
- if your financial statement shows that you exceeded your spending limit
- if you fail to turn over your surplus to the clerk when you file your financial statement
Compliance auditsEach municipality and school board must appoint a compliance audit committee.
If an eligible elector believes that you have contravened the election finance rules, they may apply for a compliance audit of your campaign finances. The application must be in writing, and must set out the reasons why they believe you contravened the rules.
An application for a compliance audit must be submitted to the municipal clerk who conducted the election within 90 days of the deadline to file the campaign financial statement.
The compliance audit committee will consider the application and decide whether to grant or reject the application. You may appeal the committee’s decision to the Ontario Court of Justice within 15 days after the decision is made.
If the committee grants the application, they will appoint an auditor to conduct a compliance audit of your campaign finances. The auditor is entitled to have access to all of the financial records related to your campaign. The auditor will produce a report, which you are entitled to receive.
The compliance audit committee will meet to consider the auditor’s report. If the report concludes that there is an apparent contravention of the Act, the committee will decide whether to commence legal action.
The compliance audit committee does not have any authority to set penalties. Only the court can decide if you actually contravened the Act and, if so, which penalties should apply.
A person who does not want to or who is not able to apply for a compliance audit may decide to commence legal action on their own. A prosecution related to the 2014 election must be commenced before December 1, 2018.
PenaltiesIf you are convicted of an offence, you may be subject to the following penalties:
- a fine of up to $25,000
- ineligibility to vote or run in the next general election
- up to six months in prison
- forfeiture of your elected office, if the judge finds that you committed the offence knowingly
If you are convicted of exceeding the spending limit, you may also be fined the amount by which you exceeded the limit.